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Photographic portrait of Wilhelm Steinitz. White begins the game with some advantage. White is winning after the first move 1. 4 may win for White. Since 1988, chess theorists have challenged previously well-established views about White’s advantage.
Modern writers also argue that Black has certain countervailing advantages. The consensus that White should try to win can be a psychological burden for the white player, who sometimes loses by trying too hard to win. Streeter examined the results of 5,598 games played in 45 international chess tournaments between 1851 and 1932. Streeter found that overall White scored 53.