In this paper, damage distribution and damage zones of a strain hardening material with a crack are investigated. A continuum damage mechanics theory based formulation is developed via hypothesis of incremental complementary energy equivalence. Damage distributions in the region of the crack tip classical mechanics tai l chow pdf calculated and the results are compared with those computed using the finite element method. Very good agreement is observed, particularly at high strain hardening exponents.
Next, the sizes of damage zones along a crack are formulated based on the Dugdale model with damage. The results are checked against the solutions from a finite element analysis. Again, very good agreement is observed. It would also be interesting to compute the Dugdale plastic zone which is obtained by extending the Dugdale model for elastic-perfectly plastic materials to strain hardening materials. It is found that the Dugdale plastic zone is comparatively larger than the damage zone predicted by our proposed model, but as the strain hardening exponent is increased, the two results agree much better. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
1996 Published by Elsevier Ltd. It used to have the fastest elevator in the world, traveling at 60. 5th to 89th floor in 37 seconds. Construction on the 101-story tower started in 1999 and finished in 2004. The tower has served as an icon of modern Taiwan ever since its opening.
A multi-level shopping mall adjoining the tower houses hundreds of stores, restaurants and clubs. Taipei 101 feature prominently in international New Year’s Eve broadcasts and the structure appears frequently in travel literature and international media. The name that was originally planned for the building, Taipei World Financial Center, until 2003, was derived from the name of the owner. Taipei 101 comprises 101 floors above ground, as well as 5 basement levels. March 2004 to 10 March 2010. Upon its completion, Taipei 101 was the world’s tallest inhabited building, at 509.