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Simply double-click the downloaded file to install it. You can choose your language settings from within the program. Arcane” and “Esoteric” redirect here. The idea of categorising a wide range of Western traditions and philosophies together under the rubric that we now term “esotericism” developed in Europe during the late seventeenth century. Various academics have debated the precise definition of Western esotericism, with a number of different options proposed. A second perspective sees esotericism as a category that encompasses world-views which seek to embrace an “enchanted” world-view in the face of increasing de-enchantment.
A third views Western esotericism as a category encompassing all of Western culture’s “rejected knowledge” that is accepted neither by the scientific establishment nor by orthodox religious authorities. 18th century led to the development of new forms of esoteric thought. Although the idea that these varying movements could be categorised together under the rubric of “Western esotericism” developed in the late 18th century, these esoteric currents were largely ignored as a subject of academic enquiry. Esotericism” and “occultism” were often employed as synonyms until being distinguished by later scholars. Western esotericism’ is not a natural term but an artificial category, applied retrospectively to a range of currents and ideas that were known by other names at least prior to the end of the eighteenth century. In short, ‘Western esotericism’ is a modern scholarly construct, not an autonomous tradition that already existed out there and merely needed to be discovered by historians. The scholar of esotericism Wouter Hanegraaff, 2013.
The concept of “Western esotericism” is a modern scholarly construct rather than a pre-existing, self-defined tradition of thought. In the late seventeenth century, several European Christian thinkers presented the argument that certain traditions of Western philosophy and thought could be categorised together, thus establishing the category that is now called “Western esotericism”. Scholars established this category in the late 18th century after identifying “structural similarities” between “the ideas and world views of a wide variety of thinkers and movements” which prior to this had not been placed in the same analytical grouping. Faivre stated, an “empirical perspective” would hold that “esotericism is a Western notion”. As scholars such as Faivre and Hanegraaff have pointed out, there is no comparable category of “Eastern” or “Oriental” esotericism.