Field survey in livestock production in ethiopia pdf

Please field survey in livestock production in ethiopia pdf this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Ploughing with cattle in southwestern Ethiopia.

The nation’s agricultural production is overwhelmingly of a subsistence nature. Yet agriculture is the country’s most promising resource. A potential exists for self-sufficiency in grains and for export development in livestock, grains, vegetables, and fruits. 6 million people need food assistance annually. Production is overwhelmingly of a subsistence nature, and a large part of commodity exports are provided by the small agricultural cash-crop sector. Ethiopia is also Africa’s second biggest maize producer.

2007 livestock accounted for 10. Ethiopia’s export income, with leather and leather products making up 7. Coffee, which originated in Ethiopia, is the largest foreign exchange earner. 2006 and 2007, compared to 44. 2003, and agriculture remains the Ethiopian economy’s most important sector. Ethiopia has great agricultural potential because of its vast areas of fertile land, diverse climate, generally adequate rainfall, and large labor pool. Despite this potential, however, Ethiopian agriculture has remained underdeveloped.

1980 and 1987 agricultural production dropped at an annual rate of 2. 1 percent, while the population grew at an annual rate of 2. 1 million people from 1984 to 1986. Historically, Ethiopia was a rare exception in Sub-Saharan Africa, because of its special environmental circumstances, that enabled Ethiopian farmers to increase their productivity, for example by using ploughs. The beneficial climate in the Highlands of Ethiopia also enabled irrigation and other advanced agricultural technology. Scramble for Africa’ apart from Liberia.

To make matters worse, during the 1972-74 drought and famine the imperial government refused to assist rural Ethiopians and tried to cover up the crisis by refusing international aid. As a result, up to 200,000 Ethiopians perished. 1974, the government had tried to introduce programs to improve the condition of farmers. By 1974 the Ministry of Agriculture’s Extension and Project Implementation Department had more than twenty-eight areas with more than 200 extension and marketing centers. As a result, agriculture continued to grow, albeit below the population growth rate. According to the World Bank, agricultural production increased at an average annual rate of 2.