First aid q and a step 1 pdf

This may result in redness, swelling, and severe pain at the area, which may take first aid q and a step 1 pdf to an hour to appear. Most bites are on the hands or arms. Problems are often more severe in children than adults, due to their smaller size. Snakes bite both as a method of hunting and as a means of protection.

Determining the type of snake that caused a bite is often not possible. Prevention of snake bites can involve wearing protective footwear, avoiding areas where snakes live, and not handling snakes. Treatment partly depends on the type of snake. Washing the wound with soap and water and holding the limb still is recommended. The type of antivenom needed depends on the type of snake involved.

When the type of snake is unknown, antivenom is often given based on the types known to be in the area. In some areas of the world getting the right type of antivenom is difficult and this partly contributes to why they sometimes do not work. An additional issue is the cost of these medications. Antivenom has little effect on the area around the bite itself. The number of venomous snakebites that occur each year may be as high as five million. They result in about 2.

5 million poisonings and 20,000 to 125,000 deaths. The frequency and severity of bites vary greatly among different parts of the world. The most common symptom of any kind of snake envenomation. However, there is vast variation in symptoms between bites from different types of snakes. Television, literature, and folklore are in part responsible for the hype surrounding snakebites, and people may have unwarranted thoughts of imminent death.

Infection is often reported with viper bites whose fangs are capable of deep puncture wounds. Most snakebites, whether by a venomous snake or not, will have some type of local effect. 90 percent of cases, although this varies depending on the site. Those bitten may also describe a “rubbery”, “minty”, or “metallic” taste if bitten by certain species of rattlesnake. The person may present with strange disturbances to their vision, including blurriness.