Theory of Justice” redirects here. Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice issues from God. Justice is a proper, harmonious relationship between the sandel justice what is the right thing to do pdf parts of the person or city.
Hence, Plato’s definition of justice is that justice is the having and doing of what is one’s own. A just man is a man in just the right place, doing his best and giving the precise equivalent of what he has received. This applies both at the individual level and at the universal level. Socrates uses the parable of the chariot to illustrate his point: a chariot works as a whole because the two horses’ power is directed by the charioteer. If one is ill, one goes to a medic rather than a farmer, because the medic is expert in the subject of health.
Advocates of divine command theory argue that justice, and indeed the whole of morality, is the authoritative command of God. Murder is wrong and must be punished, for instance, because God says it so. Some versions of the theory assert that God must be obeyed because of the nature of his relationship with humanity, others assert that God must be obeyed because he is goodness itself, and thus doing what he says would be best for everyone. Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because it is commanded by God?