Stress produces numerous physical and mental symptoms which vary according to each individual’s situational factors. The process of stress management is named as one of the keys to stress management for students pdf happy and successful life in modern society.
Although life provides numerous demands that can prove difficult to handle, stress management provides a number of ways to manage anxiety and maintain overall well-being. Evaluating the effectiveness of various stress management techniques can be difficult, as limited research currently exists. Consequently, the amount and quality of evidence for the various techniques varies widely. Many professional organizations exist to promote and provide training in conventional or alternative therapies. Much more research is necessary to provide a better understanding of which mechanisms actually operate and are effective in practice. They measured the physiological responses of animals to external pressures, such as heat and cold, prolonged restraint, and surgical procedures, then extrapolated from these studies to human beings. Thus, stress was traditionally conceptualized to be a result of external insults beyond the control of those experiencing the stress.
More recently, however, it has been argued that external circumstances do not have any intrinsic capacity to produce stress, but instead their effect is mediated by the individual’s perceptions, capacities, and understanding. Susan Folkman suggested in 1981 that stress can be thought of as resulting from an “imbalance between demands and resources” or as occurring when “pressure exceeds one’s perceived ability to cope”. Stress management was developed and premised on the idea that stress is not a direct response to a stressor but rather one’s resources and ability to cope mediate the stress response and are amenable to change, thus allowing stress to be controllable. The model contends that stress may not be a stressor if the person does not perceive the stressor as a threat but rather as positive or even challenging. The model proposes that people can be taught to manage their stress and cope with their stressors.
They may learn to change their perspective of the stressor and provide them with the ability and confidence to improve their lives and handle all of types of stressors. This model proposes that helping stressed individuals understand the nature of thought—especially providing them with the ability to recognize when they are in the grip of insecure thinking, disengage from it, and access natural positive feelings—will reduce their stress. High demand levels load the person with extra effort and work. A number of self-help approaches to stress-prevention and resilience-building have been developed, drawing mainly on the theory and practice of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Levels of stress can be measured. Cortisol is the main hormone released during a stress response and measuring cortisol from hair will give a 60- to 90-day baseline stress level of an individual. This method of measuring stress is currently the most popular method in the clinic.
Stress management has physiological and immune benefits. Acute stress is the most common form of stress among humans worldwide. Acute stress deals with the pressures of the near future or dealing with the very recent past. This type of stress is often misinterpreted for being a negative connotation.