Terry Eagleton in Terry eagleton myths of power pdf 2008. Eagleton has held visiting appointments at universities around the world including Cornell, Duke, Iowa, Melbourne, Trinity College in Dublin, and Yale. The New Atheism and the War on Terror”. He later described his undergraduate experience as a “waste of time”.
Thomas Warton Professor of English in 1992. He began his literary studies with the 19th and 20th centuries, then conformed to the stringent academic Marxism of the 1970s. Eagleton discusses various theorists and critics from F. Raymond Williams to Pierre Macherey. In Chapter 4 he gives a thorough overview of one theme in the English context – “organicist concepts of society” or “community” – as worked by petty-bourgeois Victorian writers, from George Eliot to D. Lawrence, and how this determines textual form in each instance. Eagleton gives an exposition of various theoretical approaches to literature, including: Formalism, Psychoanalysis, Structuralism and Post-structuralism.
Peter Barry has said of the book that it “greatly contributed to the ‘consolidation’ of literary theory and helped to establish it firmly on the undergraduate curriculum”. Eagleton’s Marxism has never been solely an academic pursuit. Eagleton regards as the bastardisation of both. He argues that such a merging is effective in opening cultural study to a wider range of significant topics. His indictment instead centres on “relativism”—theorists’ and postmodernity’s rejection of absolutes.
Our bodies and their subsequent deaths provide the absolute around which humankind can focus its actions. Eagleton advises us rather to recognise “non-being as an awareness of human frailty and unfoundedness. Agreeing but not entirely with Sartre that humans have no essence, he avows that nevertheless they exist in neediness and dependency on others, their freedom bounded by the common fact of death. Apart from the occasional perfunctory gesture to ‘sophisticated’ religious believers, Dawkins tends to see religion and fundamentalist religion as one and the same. The huge numbers of believers who hold something like the theology I outlined above can thus be conveniently lumped with rednecks who murder abortionists and malign homosexuals.