Classical school of criminology is an important theory in the framework of criminal behavior. Since the beginning, theorist and scholars have attempted to find solutions the practice of research in criminology and criminal justice pdf crime and deviance.
As years progress, crime continues to escalate throughout society. Child molestation was something that was talked about behind closed doors, whispered, or unheard of until recently. With the rise of drug access and availability including drugs approved by the FDA and street pharmaceuticals, crime continues to rise as a result. To better understand the nature of crime, the reasoning behind crime, and how to deter others from leading a life of crime, criminal theorist found the Classical School of Criminology. The Classical School of Criminology was developed by scholars Jeremy Bentham and Cesare de Baccaria. He lived through 1748 to 1832. As a believer of utilitarianism, he felt that people have to right to happiness and as a result should lead happy lives.
This philosophy set the rules to help deter punishment and create punishment that is appropriate to the crime committed. This is the beginnings of the Classical School of Thought. During this era Europeans utilized capital punishment in consequence of crime and deviant behavior. Criminals would be punished excessively and harshly, unmatched by America’s humane practice of the death penalty, boot camps, or hard labor.