Types of valves in piping pdf

This article is about the flow types of valves in piping pdf device. This article has multiple issues.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In an open valve, fluid flows in a direction from higher pressure to lower pressure. Even aerosols have a tiny valve built in. Valves are also used in the military and transport sectors. Valves are found in virtually every industrial process, including water and sewage processing, mining, power generation, processing of oil, gas and petroleum, food manufacturing, chemical and plastic manufacturing and many other fields. An actuator will stroke the valve depending on its input and set-up, allowing the valve to be positioned accurately, and allowing control over a variety of requirements.

Valves vary widely in form and application. Special valves can have a diameter exceeding 5 meters. Valves are quite diverse and may be classified into a number of basic types. These two parts form the casing that holds the fluid going through the valve. The bonnet typically screws into or is bolted to the valve body. Seawater applications, like desalination plants, often use duplex valves, as well as super duplex valves, due to their corrosion resistant properties, particularly against warm seawater. Plastic bodies are used for relatively low pressures and temperatures.

It is commonly semi-permanently screwed into the valve body or bolted onto it. To access internal parts of a valve, a user would take off the bonnet, usually for maintenance. Many ball valves do not have bonnets since the valve body is put together in a different style, such as being screwed together at the middle of the valve body. Valves most commonly have 2 ports, but may have as many as 20.