This choice has been questioned recently by scholars who prefer the more direct translation: “shell as hard as steel”. But weber the spirit of capitalism pdf decreed that the cloak should become an iron cage. Modern society was becoming characterized by its shift in the motivation of individual behaviors.
Behavior had become dominated by goal-oriented rationality and less by tradition and values. According to Weber, the shift from the old form of mobility in terms of kinship to a new form in terms of a strict set of rules was a direct result of growth in accumulation of capital, i. Bureaucratic formalism is often connected to Weber’s metaphor of the iron cage because the bureaucracy is the greatest expression of rationality. Weber wrote that bureaucracies are goal-oriented organizations that are based on rational principles that are used to efficiently reach their goals. However, Weber also recognizes that there are constraints within the “iron cage” of such a bureaucratic system. Bureaucracies concentrate large amounts of power in a small number of people and are generally unregulated.
Weber believed that those who control these organizations control the quality of our lives as well. Because of these aforementioned reasons, there will be an evolution of an iron cage, which will be a technically ordered, rigid, dehumanized society. The iron cage is the one set of rules and laws that we are all subjected and must adhere to. It is the way of the institution, where we do not have a choice anymore. The passion for bureaucratization at this meeting drives us to despair. Individuals develop an obsession with moving on to bigger and better positions, but someone else will always be determining the value of our achievements. There is a loss in the sense of community because the purpose of bureaucracies is to get the job done efficiently.
Once the bureaucracy is created, the control is indestructible. There is only one set of rules and procedures, which reduces everyone to the same level. Most importantly, the bureaucracies will become more dominating over time unless they are stopped. Rationalization destroyed the authority of magical powers, but it also brought into being the machine-like regulation of bureaucracy, which ultimately challenges all systems of belief.
Weber, Max, Talcott Parsons, and Rh Tawney. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Marx, Durkheim, Weber: Formations of Modern Social Thought. Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure. Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1957, pp. Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Revolutionizing the Means of Consumption.